UPDATE: I have written a new blog post with further updates and clarification.
DISCLAIMER: The word “supports” was incorrectly utilised in the blog title. While this can be done, it is not officially supported by Microsoft.
A common frustration with the Office 2010 Professional Plus package available as a standalone or as part of Office 365 E3 is that it does not support installation in virtual desktop environments such as Windows Terminal Services or Citrix XenDesktop environments. This was due to the fact the desktop suite as part of the subscription service was based on the retail model of license delivery and activation.
For those wanting to deploy Office 2010 onto a virtual desktop environment the only option was due to obtain the product via any number of Open License agreements.
Performing a quick test with Office 2013 (thank you Windows Azure for the ability to provision a Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 environment in minutes) I was able to download the current preview build from the Microsoft Online Portal, install it and have multiple users configure their Outlook profiles and being communicating.
This is a fantastic improvement in functionality. As soon as I find out more information about the licensing mechanism and benefits / usage rights I will update this post.